International Family Planning Perspectives

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In 1950, five years after the creation of the United Nations, the world population was estimated at about 2.6 billion people. According to UN estimates, the world population reached 5 billion on July 11, 1987, and it reached 6 billion people on October 12, 1999. Now, 10 years later, it is estimated to be approximately 7 billion.

This rapid expansion and continuous printing human on a planet that seems increasingly less has serious implications in almost every aspect of life. These issues that relate to health and aging, to mass migration and urbanization, the demand for housing, inadequate food supply, access to drinking water, among others.

The rapid population growth presents problems such as transnational crime, economic interdependence, climate change , the spread of diseases like HIV / AIDS and other pandemics, and social issues like gender equality, reproductive health, safe motherhood, human rights , situations emergency, and others.

The United Nations system has been involved in solving these complex and interrelated issues, especially through the work of the Fund for the United Nations Population ( UNFPA ) and the UN Population Division . Also the UN Statistics Division produces a vast amount of reliable and relevant information for this job.

The Population Division gathers information on subjects such as international migration and development, urbanization, and political perspectives of the world population, as well as statistics on marriage and fertility. It provides services to UN agencies such as the Commission on Population and Development , and supports implementations of the Programme of Action adopted by the International Conference on Population and Development ( ICPD ) in 1994. In the context of the Millennium Development Goals , it produces three indicators on the goal of universal access to reproductive health , respectively, the contraceptive prevalence rate, the birth rate among adolescents and the need for family planning (the latter produced with UNFPA) .

Also, the Population Division prepares the official population estimates and projections of the United Nations for all countries and regions of the world, help the state to build and formulate population policies and improve coordination with related activities of the UN system through participation the Committee for the Coordination of Statistical Activities .

The Fund for the United Nations Population ( UNFPA ) was established in 1973 to assume the role of leadership within the UN system in promoting population programs. In International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo (Egypt) in 1994, its mandate was detailed for emphasis in addressing gender and human rights issues on population, and was given to the UNFPA role in helping countries to continue the Programme of Action .

International family planning perspectives
Book (Alan Guttmacher Institute)
2009-02-01 16:18:33 by gimmabreak

What a difference 10 days make

The positives so far are sweeping:
An executive order that commits the United States to closing the international shame that is Guantanamo Bay, and that will finally mean that Guantanamo detainees will receive legal due process—and that the United States has returned to respecting the rule of law.
An executive order, and a clear statement from Obama's attorney general-designate Eric Holder, that reject the Bush administration's policy on torture.
Repeal of the Bush administration order that banned funding to international family planning organizations that supported legal abortions, which means that vital women's health services to poor countries...

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