International Family Planning Conference Kampala

African youth defy tradition of having many children

by Henry Wasswa, IPS

africanos Africanos jovens desafiam a tradição de ter muitos filhos

Charles Kayongo and his family. Photo: Dennis Kasirye / IPS

Kampala, Uganda - The Ugandan Charles Kayongo, is a father of two little girls. Although the traditions of his ethnic group, the Baganda, force you to have a large number of children, he refuses. Like many other young parents with limited resources in this country in East Africa, who dream of a lifestyle most modern, Kayongo says he and his wife, Eunice, want a small family.

"It is enough. I do not want more children. I discussed this with my wife, and we use pills and condoms in the last two years. Food costs, school and medicines are already too high for me, "he told IPS this man of 33 years at his home in Mukono, outside Kampala.

Kayongo, a bar owner, said he spends $ 10 per day with his family, and win a total of $ 440 per month. "I am interested in family planning because it helps us to have a better life. I'm going with my wife to the clinic. I have to think about the finances of my family, "he said.

Uganda, with 34 million inhabitants, is one of the countries with the highest population growth in the world, with an annual rate of 3.2%. "Every year add up a million people, but resources do not grow at the same pace, " explained the head of IPS programs of the Department of Population of the Ministry of Finance, Planning and Economic Development, Anthony Bugembe.

Kayongo integrates a new generation of young Ugandans husbands begin to challenge the old African traditions on parenting, and prefer to have smaller families and therefore easier to maintain. Lynda Birungi, the NGO Reproductive Health in Uganda, said that more and more young parents accept birth control, mainly for financial reasons. However, these men are still a minority.

"In five women who come to our clinic, only one comes accompanied by a man. However, for over 20 years there had been none. Now, a generation of young parents want a better standard of living and feel that this can only be achieved with smaller families, "he pointed Birungi.

On the other hand, in Malawi, which started as a traveling theater, which consists of ten police officers 11 years ago, has turned into a movement now integrated for over a thousand men who will raise awareness against gender violence, unwanted pregnancy and maternal mortality. The Conference of Itinerant Men (MTC), also integrated by some women, is funded by the Norwegian government and the Population Fund United Nations.

In 2003, MTC entered so unique annual international campaign "16 days of activism against gender violence". Men from Ethiopia, Zambia and Kenya headed for the capital, Lilongwe, after long bus rides. Along the way, they stopped in each community through which they passed and left a message against gender violence. Since then, every December, members of the MTC bus travel for several communities in Malawi to create awareness among men.

Wisdom Samu is a member of MMC. In September 2001 he lost his wife shortly after she gave birth to her seventh child. "Thanks to MTC understood that it was my fault. Never allowed her to use family planning methods because I wanted more children, "she told IPS. Since then, Samu conversation with other men in his community Namitete, 50 miles Liongwe, to adopt methods of birth control.

Chicago, University Of Chicago Press [1966] Family Planning and Population Programs; a Review of World Developments. [Proceedings, Edited by the Planning Committee for the Conference, Bernard Berelson, Chairman]
Book (Chicago, University Of Chicago Press [1966])
2002-12-18 11:49:28 by important_info

Not totally off topic

BANGKOK - The United States lost a vote at an international conference yesterday as Asia-Pacific countries rejected the Bush administration's stand against abortion and condom use among adolescents.
The vote was held at the end of the UN-sponsored Asian and Pacific Population Conference, which adopted a plan of action on population policies in a bid to reduce poverty in the region.
US delegates had said some of the wording, including ''reproductive health services'' and ''reproductive rights,'' could be read as advocating abortion and underage sex. But US demands for changes or deletions were overwhelmingly rejected

2005-05-11 08:23:57 by ---

And more...

31. Reducing fertility rates ­ Family planning programs. Women in developing countries are having fewer children ­ from six births per woman in the 1960s to 3.5 today. In the 1960s, only 10% of the world's families were using effective methods of family planning. The number now stands at 55 percent.
32. Fighting drug abuse ­Reduce demand for illicit drugs, suppress drug trafficking, and has helped farmers to reduce their economic reliance on growing narcotic crops by shifting farm production toward other dependable sources of income.
33. Improving global trade relations ­ The UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) has worked to obtain special trade preferences for developing countries to export their products to developed countries with fair prices

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